The Internal Revenue Code imposes excise taxes on certain types of goods and services. For example, there are retail excise taxes on certain fuels, and on heavy trucks and trailers. I.R.C. §§ 4041, 4051. There are manufacturer’s excise taxes that are imposed on a variety of products, including fishing rods and firearms. I.R.C. §§ 4161(a), 4181. Excise taxes are also imposed upon communications services and on air passenger and air freight services. I.R.C. §§ 4251, 4261, 4271.
These taxes are actually born by the purchaser, and that creates a complication: If the entity collecting the tax seeks a refund, the federal government could also be subject to duplicate claims from the purchasers who actually paid the tax.… Read More