Tax Procedure: Sometimes Even Bad Advice Is Helpful

bad adviceBad tax advice can be expensive, but sometimes it’s better than no advice at all.

Last week, the Tax Court issued an opinion in a complicated international tax case that illustrates the principle that incorrect advice can still help a taxpayer, as it may support a defense to a penalty. Grecian Magnesite Mining, Indus. & Shipping Co. v. Comm’r, No. 19215-12, 2017 U.S. Tax Ct. LEXIS 36 (July 13, 2017).

In Grecian Magnesite, the taxpayer was a foreign corporation formed in the Hellenic Republic and based in Athens. 2017 U.S. Tax Ct. LEXIS 36 at *3. The taxpayer had an interest in Premier Chemicals, LLC (“Premier”), which was its sole connection to the United States.… Read More

Tax Procedure: The Eleventh Circuit Sustains Penalty Defense Based upon an Accountant’s Advice

accountantTaxpayers frequently rely upon an accountant to prepare their returns, and that involves more than just filling out forms. In preparing a return, an accountant will need to make judgments about the appropriate treatment of tax items, including whether income represents capital gain or ordinary income and whether expenditures should be capitalized or treated as business expenses.

If the IRS concludes that one of these judgment calls is incorrect, the taxpayer can be exposed to penalties, such as the accuracy-related penalty under section 6662 of the Internal Revenue Code. Taxpayers frequently point to the accountant’s role in an effort to avoid liability for the penalty; the Code provides a defense where the taxpayer shows that that there was “reasonable cause” for the position taken on the return and that she acted in good faith.… Read More

Partnership Taxation: The Tenth Circuit Holds that the Good Faith/Reasonable Cause Defense Should Be Determined at the Partner Level

partnership level auditTEFRA died in 2015, but the wake is still going on.

While the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 repealed TEFRA (or the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982) for tax years ending after December 31, 2017, courts continue to grapple with cases governed by its partnership audit and assessment procedures. Tuesday, the Tenth Circuit issued an interesting opinion on when a good faith/reasonable cause defense to a penalty determination can be raised by an individual partner in a refund action. McNeill v. United States, No. 15-8095, 2016 U.S. App. LEXIS 16343 (10th Cir. Sept. 6, 2016).

TEFRA’s audit process works like this:

  • There is a partnership-level audit that results in a final partnership administrative adjustment.
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